Arthur Ashe

In the current issue of Inside Tennis there is an extraordinary interview with Arthur’s widow, Jeanne Moutoussamy-Ashe, that takes us back to the days when there were occasionally exceptional human beings who excelled on the courts and playing fields — and in their lives. Those were the days! I had the good fortune of seeing Arthur Ashe up close once in my life in Florida when I went to spend a week at Sanibel Harbour to receive a coaching award. And he used to stay with one of my closest friends when he came to River Forest, Illinois each year to play in the National Clay Court Tournament. I have always admired the man and I suppose he is the standard against which I hold current athletes who invariably fail to meet that standard. He was not only an exceptional athlete, he was an exceptional human being who cared about others and who had a strong sense of duty.

You may recall that Ashe died of AIDS soon after he received contaminated blood during a heart bypass. He was still young and much-loved and his passing was noted by people around the world. One of his close friends and one who regretted his passing was Nelson Mandela who, upon coming to New York after being freed from prison after 27 years wanted to know where Arthur “my brother” was.  Upon Arthur’s death, Mandela called him “a citizen of the world. . . an extraordinary individual who has given me and millions hope at a time when we needed it most.” Arthur had gotten to know Mandela in South Africa at a time when apartheid was at its height and Mandala and Arthur, each in his own way, were determined to bring it down. After breaking many racial barriers as a young man growing up in the Jim Crow South and a minority student at UCLA, Arthur helped break down racial barriers in South Africa as well by playing tennis there only on his terms: in a non-segregated stadium, where blacks would be invited to attend and allowed to sit wherever they wanted. Young blacks in that country, like author Mark Mathabane, said later on that Arthur Ashe was the first free black man they had ever seen.  He later asked, “How could a black man play such excellent tennis, move about the court with such confidence, trash a white man, and be cheered by white people?”  Ashe was for them, and indeed for all of us, a remarkable example. It’s too bad more contemporary athletes don’t follow the example he set.

I recall sitting around our tiny 12″ television on a hot, July day in 1975 watching Arthur beat Jimmy Connors for the Wimbledon title. At the time it was easily the most prestigious tennis title in the world and it may still be so. But Arthur, after the win, simply came to the net, shook hands with his opponent — who was one of the inventors of histrionics on the tennis court — and waved to the crowd. Arthur didn’t fall to his knees, or leap in the air, point to the sky, fall on his back, or leap into the crowd to embrace his “team.” In fact, I don’t recall that he had a “team” who supported him through the travails of a Wimbledon fortnight. He simply played superb tennis, won the match, went to the net, and shook hands. Always the calm, collected gentleman.

And that’s what set Arthur Ashe apart: he was cool, calm, and collected. His widow tells us that beneath the calm exterior burned a heart of fire, intense hatred of racism and a determination to make the world a better place. But he never let us show. He read copiously and he thought a great deal. And he stood up for what was important not only to himself but to others of his race and kind. He practiced that ancient art of self-control, patterned after the Greeks, one might imagine. As South African writer Don Mattera said to Arthur in a letter he wrote to him, “I love you not for the rage in your soul, but how it’s been trained to be rebuked and summoned.” What a great tribute, though it is an art that has been lost — especially so in our day when rage is all the rage and raw emotions are the tune all delight in playing. Arthur would today be a severe disappointment to the media who crave the spectacular, who have substituted entertainment value for character because it sells the sponsor’s products.  He eschewed the spectacular for the effective. He stood fast against what was wrong in the world and quietly and with relentless determination did whatever he could to put an end to it. As Bill Simonds says in his article in Inside Tennis, “That was Arthur’s modus operandi — he was always controlled, but he spoke out, he got arrested in front of the White House and in front of the South African embassy. He convinced the ATP not to have tournaments in South Africa.” Senator Bill Bradley said of Arthur, “Ashe was not loud, he did not boast, he thought before he spoke. Like a good poet, he used silence to his advantage. He held back until he was ready, and he made that restraint his best advantage. His best smile showed no teeth.” Beautifully said.

Arthur did not approve of the more militant stand many of his peers took against the racial injustice they saw all around them. He was particularly upset when black gang members dragged Reginald Denny from a truck during the L.A. riots. That was just not his way, though he felt the injustice of racism just as deeply. He was considering a run at the U.S. Senate when his health made it impossible. And while he was criticized for his apparent quietism by people like John Thompson and Jesse Jackson, he was convinced that his way was the best way: it was the only way he knew. He liked to quote Martin Luther King who said of the Black Power movement, “I hope our thirst for freedom doesn’t make us want to drink from the cup of bitterness.”   I am convinced that if others around him had adopted Arthur Ashe’s approach in time more people would have come around to his way of thinking. But before he could give full voice to his quiet rage, he was silenced by a disease that entered his veins unknown to him. It is truly sad that there aren’t more like him.


9 thoughts on “Arthur Ashe

  1. Hugh, this is a great tribute to a great man, who happened to be a top notch tennis player. It is not lost on me, his quiet dignity was ever apparent, especially in a day when you had Connors, Ilie Nastase and John McEnroe who were all spoiled brats playing tennis. Any time I see McEnroe call a tennis match and their are histrionics, I wonder what he is thinking. Senator Bill Bradley is also a class act and to see his quote, as well as those of one of my heroes, Nelson Mandela, are fitting tributes. Nice work. BTG

  2. with a pumping station running upriver, a work crew of about 30 working nearby building an unnecessary bridge (instead of saving the beach!) and with rain tapping soft fingertips on the tin roof, i dove into your post and swam from minnesota to florida and all the way to africa and then to california. what a lovely tribute you penned, and you’re right – most athletes do not have that well-bred code of honor.

    we’re also w/o power so i’d best shut this laptop down for the day! z


  3. A wonderful tribute. Although not a sports follower, I do recall reading a great deal about Ashe at the time, and his universal professionalism and dignity. Thanks for sharing this.

  4. Wonderful and inspiring post, Hugh. In 2002, our family took a vacation to Virginia and the Virginia and Maryland eastern shores. We stopped for an afternoon in Richmond. And, although I already knew it was there, I was still awe-struck by seeing the statue of Arthur Ashe on Monument Avenue where the all the other statues are of figures of the Old South and Civil War generals. For a black man to have a statue in his honor in the former capital of the Confederacy alongside the likes of Jefferson Davis, J.E.B. Stuart, Stonewall Jackson, and others says a great many things about Arthur Ashe.

      • Dana, I had the exact same sensation when I was in Richmond. Here among these icons of fighting to keep slavery, is one of the most honorable people, who happens to be an African American. Thanks for mentioning it, BTG

  5. Great post, Hugh. That quiet dignity that Arthur Ashe showed throughout his life definitely seems to be lost on most of today’s athletes. It rarely happens anymore, but I always love it when the football player scores a touchdown and simply hands the ball to the ref and runs to the sideline, as opposed to the player who has to do a little dance and point to themselves like they’re the first one to ever score. I thought it might make you smile to know that one of our prized possessions is Sharon’s Arthur Ashe Sportsmanship Award – thanks in great part to your efforts and influence. It sits prominently on a shelf in our living room:) We are not playing much tennis these days, but we’ve had the good fortune to attend the US Open a few times and last year got to live out one of Sharon’s “bucket list” dreams and go to Wimbledon. It was great fun as Sharon was literally “like a kid in a candy store” and never stopped smiling the whole day. Regards. Dan.

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