I have blogged a number of times (some would say “endlessly”) about the shortcomings of our educational system. It is a topic close to my heart, given that I spent all of my adult life in schools and colleges. I have even written a book about the nature of education, focusing mostly on higher education (so-called) but also mentioning in passing what seems to be going wrong in the lower grades.
In any event, I have been consistent in my defense of a liberal education at the collegiate level — though as Robert Hutchins said many years ago there is no reason why we couldn’t pursue a liberal education at the lower grades. And there are some schools that have actually returned to the fundamental notion of the seven liberal arts to form the core of their grade-school curriculum for kids. But, by and large, the liberal arts, which many confuse with the Humanities, are an intellectual challenge and seem to a great many students and their parents to be irrelevant to their real-world needs after college, not practical, not the kind of thing that will lead to a job and success in later life. I would challenge that.
I recently chatted with a professor of cardiology at the Mayo Clinic who majored in philosophy as an undergraduate. When I mentioned that most of today’s students avoid such subjects as impractical he said that philosophy was the most practical course of study he had ever taken and he found himself every day drawing on his undergraduate major at Vanderbilt University. I have also known liberal arts graduates who have been successful in the world of investment banking, business, the ministry, and law. It provides a broad base of study that allows the student to take different directions as times change.
We have known for years that young people growing up in the work force change their jobs many times before they are 40. Nowadays the “millenialists” change jobs even more — perhaps because they don’t like being told what to do! This is a spoiled generation, to be sure, used to getting what they want when they want it. If it requires real work, many are simply not interested. And the liberal arts require real work.
Let’s be clear at the outset, however, that the liberal arts include not only the Humanities but also the sciences. Originally they formed the trivium of grammar, logic, and rhetoric and the quadrivium of geometry, music, astronomy, and arithmetic. Note the heavy emphasis on mathematics and science (music being regarded as a mathematical science, carefully ordered as it is and reflecting as it does the harmony of the universe!) These subjects seem esoteric these days and those seven original liberal arts — “liberal” because they free the mind held captive by bias, immaturity and shrunken perspective — have given birth to hundreds of college courses all of which claim to free the mind. But, as we know, most of those subjects are really job-training in disguise; they cater to the students’ current whims while putting blinders on them thereby forcing them into a narrow track from which they find it very difficult to escape later on.
But the original liberal arts were designed to free the minds of the young and open to them new horizons to explore. As I like to say, they put the young in possession of their own minds. This seems especially appropriate today, given the changes in career paths mentioned above. The liberal arts prepare the student for a world of change, and change is the only thing we can be certain about in this world of ours. If we ask (demand?) of the young that they take subjects that require that they use their minds, deepen their understanding, gain the ability to manipulate the symbols of mathematics and language, and learn about their past we can expect that they will be best prepared for this changing world.
The claim is often heard that those who follow such a course of study will not be able to find work after graduation; there is growing evidence that this is untrue. In addition, for those students who want to advance in the work place, it has become increasingly clear that a liberal education is extremely beneficial. As a recent study by the Association of American Colleges and Universities tells us:
The majority of employers agree that having both field-specific knowledge and skills and a broad range of skills and knowledge is most important for recent college graduates to achieve long-term career success. Few think that having field-specific knowledge and skills alone is what is most needed for individuals’ career success.
80 percent of employers agree that, regardless of their major, all college students should acquire broad knowledge in the liberal arts and sciences. . . .
When read a description of a 21st-century liberal education, a large majority of employers recognize its importance; 74 percent would recommend this kind of education to a young person they know as the best way to prepare for success in today’s global economy.
Moreover, students who study the liberal arts will be able to adapt should they want to change jobs or if they should happen to be “let go” by an unfeeling company that feels the need to “downsize.” The best possible education for now and the future is a liberal education. The evidence is out there.
Good post. It should be noted that Rochester Institute of Technology prides itself on offering a liberal arts education to its future engineers and computer scientists. We need to think and be able to communicate verbally and in writing, the latter a most needed skill.
I majored in Actuarial Science, but my Public Speaking, Political Science and Literature classes are invaluable.
You are a perfect example of the type of broadly educated person I am thinking of. I only worry that we are pushing our young people into narrow fields of endeavor from whcih they can never truly escape.
Merci beau coup.
*Like* this many times over, Hugh. When talking with young high school students headed to college/university I solidly refrain from asking, “What is your major?” What a shame when a seventeen/eighteen year old has already button-holed themselves into a career category just because of an expectation….oft times not their own.
And sad to say if they show signs of uncertainty there is a host of faculty members waiting to shove the poor young person into THEIR field of interest. I doubt that many outside the Ivory Tower realize what sorts of battles are fought within — all at the cost of the education of young people. It’s all about territory and promotions.
There is such a skewed vision of what a college education should consist of, especially now with such high costs. I teach high school and most students think of college as a means to an end and that end is to make money. Done. I find this to be an unfortunate mindset. However, this mindset is cultivated in our society at a very young age. We have become such a consumer driven culture that the once awesome idea that college was a place to learn about oneself and about all kinds of amazing things is all but dead. So sad and disconcerting.
I couldn’t agree more. I must say I admire your willingness to teach in high school. I visited a few high school classes during my teaching career and have since had a very high regard for those who fight THAT fight!
I get to teach juniors and seniors. I have several AP/dual credit classes. While there are certain times of the year I’m just not sure I can face another teenager, for the most part, it is a great gig 😊
You are lucky. My involvement with the Honors Program in our University kept me going for many years!